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New on our Knowledge Center: East African Community Regional Integration:Trade and Gender Implications

Published on May 10, 2018

New on our Knowledge Center: East African Community Regional Integration:Trade and Gender Implications. This report presents the economic, trade, and gender profiles of partner states of the East African Community (EAC) within the context of regional integration, and analyses the impact of EAC regional integration on women’s well-being with a focus on women’s employment. Both descriptive and quantitative analyses are used to this end.

Rwanda, followed by the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda and to a lesser extent Kenya, all had high economic growth rates over the last decade, with Burundi being an exception due to its political and socioeconomic crisis. Overall growth performance translated into sustained growth in real per capita GDP for all the countries except Burundi. In 2016, Kenya had GDP per capita of US$ 1455, the United Republic of Tanzania US$ 879, Rwanda US$ 703, Uganda US$ 615, and Burundi US$ 286. As a result, poverty fell significantly in general. However, inequality remained high across EAC partner states, implying that the benefits of growth were not equally distributed among individuals in the society. This highlights the importance of taking distributional concerns further into account.