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Can a beneficiary country lose its AGOA benefits?

A:

Yes. The U.S. government annually reviews progress in each eligible country toward meeting the AGOA eligibility criteria set forth. The President must withdraw AGOA benefits from a beneficiary country if on the basis of the interagency review it is determined that the country is not making continual progress toward meeting the eligibility criteria. 

The President has cited a variety of reasons for withdrawing AGOA benefits, as well as for denying AGOA benefits to countries that have not yet been designated beneficiary countries. These include absence of economic reform, rule of law, human rights, foreign policy and political circumstances.